A Comparative Study of the Military Spending of Nordic Countries

by Julina Canga

IPB has released a paper that presents a comparative study of military spending of Nordic Countries with a focus on: Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland. This region is chosen to fulfill the interest of the International Peace Bureau in regional studies and because the Nordic region has maintained a long lasting peace in a historical perspective. The Nordic region is an important region to consider as a model of unity in peace terms. Read more…

Middle East Defense Spending Fuels Security Dilemma

Written by Madeleine Moreau

Countries in the Middle East are spending more on defense than ever before. In 2013, four of the top five fastest growing defense markets were in the Middle East, most notably in Saudi Arabia and Oman. Defense spending in the MENA region accounts for 7.8% of worldwide expenditures, up from 5.2% in 2008.

Defense budgets among rich Middle Eastern countries are likely to continue to rise over the next five years. The increasing threat of radical groups such as the Islamic State, along with the sharpening divide between Sunnis and Shias in Iraq, Syria and Lebanon has created a tense security dilemma throughout the region. Nations are likely to continue maintaining defense as a key pillar to foreign policy efforts, even as the price of oil remains low. Read more…

The World Can Live Better And Fight Climate Change, UK Report Says

By Megan Rowling

BARCELONA, Jan 28 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – The world can improve living standards for all while cutting climate-changing emissions to keep to an internationally agreed limit for global warming, a team led by the British government said on Wednesday.

It launched an online calculator (www.globalcalculator.org) allowing businesses, governments, researchers and the public to explore how different ways of pursuing economic development to 2050 will shape carbon emissions and rising temperatures.
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IPB Nominates Hibakusha for 2015 Nobel Peace Prize

A total ban and the elimination of nuclear weapons was the task set out by the very first resolution of the first General Assembly of the UN, a task that remains unfulfilled. Yet, as seen in the success of the international conferences on the humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons, held in Oslo in 2013 and in Nayarit and Vienna in 2014, momentum is building up once more, and promises to turn this 70th anniversary of the tragedies of Hiroshima and Nagasaki into a milestone on the path to a world free of nuclear weapons.  For this reason IPB once again nominates for the Nobel Peace Prize the Hibakusha, those who personally suffered from the atomic bombings of the two cities. Read more…

Mass Killing in the Name of God

By Colin Archer
Secretary General, International Peace Bureau

Geneva, January 13, 2015. IPB shares the worldwide outrage at the hideous murders of journalists and artists working at Charlie Hebdo, and the other victims of last week’s violence. We mourn with their families, friends, colleagues and French society as a whole, as well as with individuals and organisations everywhere who reject the idea of killing in the name of a religion or indeed any other ideology or cause. Equally, we extend our solidarity to those in Nigeria who have lost up to 2000 civilians during these same days, massacred by Boko Haram.

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